Leadership is another key element for a participatory model. Leadership allows all people to be integrated into a shared common project, taking into account the individual needs of each person, without forgetting the common interest and objectives of the companies.
Leaders must know how to delegate, so all members of the organisation must assume other responsibilities than those assumed in more traditional models. These types of models are based on trust. People can contribute more, if they are given the opportunity to do so, they are given confidence and knowledge, rather than the option of control.
The management of companies must also evolve. It is necessary for it to go from being a hierarchical management, to being a leader-coordinator-facilitator of change and of the organisation’s direction. Management needs to empower workers and provide them with tools, knowledge and means to take advantage of their strengths and knowledge and therefore improve the organisation’s productivity and competitiveness.
Employee relations are based on honesty.
Most important values of the model:
- Share a common model mission and vision.
- Shared learning in self-managed teams.
- Autonomy in decision making.
- Work teams involved in contact with the client.
- Motivated workers increase commitment to the organisation.
The most important challenges in the metal sector:
- Globalisation of markets
- Preparing people to take on change
- Integration of people and clients into the model’s philosophy
- Taking advantage of new technologies
- Quality of the product and service
People feel useful with their work knowing that it is adding value to their organisation, they feel that the success of the company is their individual success.
A team is a group of people who work together to achieve something beyond their own individual interests. Not all groups are teams, but each team is a group.
Work teams are essential for companies that opt for management models based on shared and participatory management.
Team development stages according to BW Tuckman and Jensen MAC
The transition of the team through the various stages depends on the level of dependence among team members, team size, level of self-sufficiency, level of technical expertise, skills, etc…
The shared and participatory management model facilitates shared leadership.
At each stage of a team’s development, the way decisions are made and presented adapts to the team’s circumstances.